Batik Tulis Sragen Has Its Own Characteristics
The world of fashion feels familiar with batik. Talk about Batik, we will float on a piece of cloth and fabric typical of Indonesia. Especially Pekalongan, Surakarta, and Yogyakarta. The three cities have been known by fashion lovers as the center of Batik producer. But if traced further, Batik production centers can also be found in other areas in Central Java.
Sragen Regency for example, is the largest Batik production center after Pekalongan and Surakarta. Sragen Regency is not only known as a historical tourist spot. This Bumi Sukowati (another name of Sragen) also known as a producer of high quality Batik. In Sragen, there are two batik sub-centers namely Plupuh and Masaran Districts. The two sub centers have several Batik-producing villages. Their location is close together, opposite each other on the north and south sides of Bengawan Solo River.
Most Batik artisans live in Kliwonan village. The quantity of Batik production produced by Kliwonan artisans is the greatest. Therefore, the Batik producing area in Sragen was then better known as Kliwonan Batik center. Sragen Regency Government then established the Batik center as an integrated tourist area, which was named Kliwonan Batik Tourism Village. Kliwonan village was once designated as the center of Batik development, training and marketing.
Overall, Batik processed in five steps. First, cutting fabric as raw material (mori) as needed. Fabrics used can be cotton or silk measuring up to 2.5 meters. Second, adjust, which is removing starch from mori by wetting it with enough oil or soda solution.
Third, 'nglengreng' is drawing or giving motifs on the fabric. Fourth is 'isen-isen' or giving variations of ornaments. Fifth, cover the bottom of the fabric that does not need to colored. The process does not include rinsing and drying. Every making Batik step, usually done by different people.
Sragen Batik has similarities with Solo. The condition was formed because of the cultural influence of Solo which spread to the surrounding area. Not to mention, most Batik workers in Sragen receive skills knowledge from Solo. Related to the distinctive characteristics of Batik, more patterned puppets, flowers, and birds. In contrast to Pekalongan batik which have crowded pattern. The classic style carried by Sragen Batik is its trademark.